Cancer is more common than many people think. Millions of people are affected by a variety of different types of cancer. Depending on the severity and type of cancer, as well as a person’s health, determines their chance of survival. The most common types of cancer can be treated, but not all can be cured.
Here are 10 of the most common types of cancer that can affect any gender and age.
Breast cancer is a type of cancer that essentially everyone has heard about. Many people know a person who has been affected by or diagnosed with breast cancer. Breast cancer forms in a woman’s breasts and can be detected many times by feeling if there is a lump on either breast. If this type of cancer is caught in its early stages, it can be cured. Treatments may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or removal of the affected breasts. If breast cancer is diagnosed too late, it may be inoperable or untreatable.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer diagnosed in men. It begins as a tumor in the prostate. It is usually growing and can be detected rather easily with a rectal exam. Most people diagnosed with prostate cancer will survive; however, if the prostate cancer is aggressive and spreads, it may be more difficult to cure or treat.
Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. This type of cancer usually only affects people who smoke or who inhale second hand smoke. The smoke mutates cells in the lungs which over time will turn into cancerous cells. As cigarettes have a large number of carcinogens, the more a person smokes the more likely that person is to develop a form of lung cancer. One misconception of this type of cancer is that people who smoke are only the ones affected. There are researches and studies that can prove that second hand smoke can also cause a person to be affected with lung cancer.
Skin cancer is a very common type of cancer that affects both men and women. The cause of skin cancer usually comes from excessive UV light on the skin. Skin cancer is divided into two categories, melanoma and non-melanoma. Melanoma types of skin cancer are more serious and can lead to death. Other forms of skin cancer are usually very easy to cure.
Colorectal cancer is often known as colon cancer or bowel cancer. This occurs when cells in the colon or rectum grow at an uncontrollable rate. Tumors eventually form and can cause very severe pain. This type of cancer can be cured using surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.
Kidney cancer develops in the kidney and can usually be removed with surgery. There are two types of kidney cancer, renal cell carcinoma and urothelial carcinoma. The treatment does depend on the type of kidney cancer, but the vast majority of people with kidney cancer have renal cell carcinoma.
Bladder cancer occurs when the lining of the bladder is affected by tumors which form there. Smoking tobacco products is often the cause of bladder cancer; however, there are people who have been diagnosed with bladder cancer because of the type of work they do. These types of people are often exposed to carcinogens, which can cause bladder cancer.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a general name given to any type of lyphoms that is not Hodgkin lymphoma. This type of cancer occurs in white blood cells. There are a number of causes for this type of cancer including exposure to radiation, chemotherapy, genetic diseases, and autoimmune diseases.
Thyroid cancer is a type of malignant neoplasm that occurs in thyroid cells. It is diagnosed when a thyroid nodule is found, and a referral to a specialist confirms there is thyroid cancer. In most cases, the thyroid is simply removed, but in advanced stages, chemotherapy or radiation treatment may be used.
Endometrial cancer is one of the most common types of cancers diagnosed in older women or obese women. Endometrial cancer occurs when the lining of the uterus is plagued by malignancies. These malignancies begin in the endometrium, which is the innermost layer of the uterus.
There you have it. The ten most common cancer types. As what doctors, medical professionals or health agencies promote, eat and live a healthy lifestyle to help prevent any of these. For a more complete list of the types of cancer types of cancer list is the place to check.