Acne is a problem affecting nearly everyone during their lifetime. Below is a list of some of the best acne treatments that work.
The most gentle kind of acne. These can be described as blockages of hair follicles that comprise of oil and dead skin cells. What makes comedones acne less critical than other kinds of acne is that redness or inflammation does not occur. They do not result in inflammation because the material is held to the hair follicle. They are not painful when touched.
Two Kinds of Comedones
- Blackheads are clearly identified by their noticeable color and appearance. They appear when cellular waste and oil is exposed openly to the air. A process known as oxidation takes place when oxygen combines with the dead skin cells and oil.
- Whiteheads appear when the cellular waste and oil blocks the whole entrance of the hair follicle. They are slight white colored bumps on the skin.
The efficiency of healing comedones depends on how old the acne is. The basic step is to practice great hygiene. Use a gentle cleanser or scrub every day and use oil free make-ups. Search for water based make-ups to prevent clogging pores. Ensure that you remove the make-up daily also. Use your hands to apply the cleanser and use a soft cloth. Avoid scrubbing your face very hard to prevent swelling and irritation.
Newly formed blackheads can be removed using sticky strips. Purchase one over the counter or online. A great strip applies components to loosen blackhead. For larger blackheads purchase a blackhead extraction tool. Purchase the right sized tool and it should match the size of the blackhead. If you have very huge blackheads contact an experienced dermatologist who is trained in using these equipments.
Use topical treatment to treat whiteheads. Never remove comedones by pinching them since it will cause scarring and infection.
Papules and Pustules Acne
These form raised, red inflammation on the skin and contain no pus or fluid. Pustules acne can cause infection and have pus.
Treatment of Papules and Pustules
These can be treated using the same method as comedones. Use topical treatments or see a dermatologist in case of severe acne
Nodules and Cystic Acne
These are the most severe kinds of acne:
- Nodules are rigid, huge painful lumps which are extremely red. They appear when the exterior of a hair follicle is damaged, letting oil and cell waste to enter the lower layer of the skin referred to as the dermis. After the dermis is exposed to oil and waste cells, infection take place and cause nodule.
- Cystic acne looks and feels the same as nodules but it’s more critical because of existence of cysts. Even after the acne is treated, cyst might remain forever beneath the skin. Some are painful and other are not.
Treating Cystic Acne and Nodules
Cysts are drained to reduce their size. Draining is a process done by a dermatologist and entails cutting off a slight piece of skin and then squeezing the material that contains cyst out. Draining is not very effective since they might reoccur after one year. The best method is extraction. This a surgical process that entails cutting open the skin, grasping the cyst using forceps, pulling the cyst out and then stitching the cut. These can leave scars on the skin hence cysts and nodules are only treated when they are extremely painful.
Preventing Cystic Acne and Nodules
The best way to deal with cystic acne is to practice good hygiene, wash your face properly using mild cleansers and use oil free make-up.